To say that Afghanistan’s security forces are weak is an understatement. But the country’s real problem is that it lacks a social contract between its various stakeholders and a government that’s able to govern. As a result, what exists is a chaotic situation in which the faction with the most power dominates the battlefield. Opposition to the Taliban is the only real factor that binds together the various factions of the current beleaguered political system, and that is not enough to prevent them from devolving into militias.
Afghanistan has not had a functioning state for nearly two generations and is unlikely to have one for the foreseeable future.
There are only two political forces within the country – the Taliban and the government, which is deeply divided. There are also other anti-Taliban factions and leaders that are aligned with the government, but not part of it.
The anti-Taliban forces lack the ethos required to sustain a working modern polity, a