South Asia

Graphic Essay: Global Chokepoints in Maritime Trade

Editor’s note: The following is the first of what we hope will be many Monthly Graphics, a visual-rich, subscriber-only essay that complements our long-form...

Daily Memo: Hezbollah Considers Its Options

Plan for Hezbollah. A senior officer from Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps met in Baghdad with leaders of pro-Iranian factions in Iraq to discuss...

China’s Pakistan Problem

While ordinarily strong, Sino-Pakistani relations have been strained lately, at least in part by the political and economic meltdown in Islamabad. The tension was...

India’s Watershed Election

India’s 2024 general elections have shaken the trajectory the planet’s most populous nation has been on for nearly three decades. Right-wing Hindu nationalism, which...

Pakistan’s Western Frontier in Growing Peril

Over the past two decades, Pakistan has gradually shifted its strategic focus from its eastern frontier with India, its historical rival, toward the two...

Pakistan’s Growing Civil-Military Pandemonium

They say there’s a first time for everything, and for Pakistan that was Feb. 8, when the military establishment failed to get what it...

The World in 2024

Editor's note: Below are the compiled links to our entire 2024 annual forecast. Please follow the links for quick navigation, or download the PDF...

Middle East Conflict Reshapes India-Iran Relations

The U.S.-Iran conflict in the Middle East may be a boon to India. The Houthi attacks, which have disrupted global shipping, allow New Delhi...

2024 Annual Forecast: India’s Transformation

Forecasting national behavior is built on continuums. One continuum is a nation’s history. Another is our analytic method. Simply looking at nations will not...

China and India Struggling in Afghanistan

Over two years since the Taliban returned to power in Afghanistan, China and India are both trying to forge working relationships with the regime....

Daily Memo: Hamas Holds Talks in Moscow

Hamas in Moscow. Representatives of Hamas met in Moscow with Iranian and Russian officials for talks on the situation in Gaza. They discussed the...

The Race to Dominate Seabed Mining

The world can’t get enough of critical minerals. From 2017 to 2022, green energy projects alone boosted demand for lithium by roughly 200 percent,...

The Viability of the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor

We live in an age of interregional connections. China’s Belt and Road Initiative, after a decade and hundreds of billions of dollars in spending,...

China, India and the Path to Escalation

There is growing international concern about a potential conflict between China and India over their disputed border in the Himalayas. However, the possibility of...

A US-Led Network to Contain China Takes Shape

On Aug. 18, U.S. President Joe Biden hosted the leaders of Japan and South Korea at Camp David for talks aimed at creating a...

India, China and Setting the Right Expectations

The Chinese economy’s extended tumble is undoubtedly being watched from India with glee and opportunism. Ever since India became the world’s fifth-largest economy a...

Latest Posts

The heartland of South Asia is the Indo-Gangetic Plain, a large and fertile region based around the Indus and Ganges river systems, as well as the Bramaputra in Bangladesh and eastern India.

The center of gravity of South Asia is the balance of power between Pakistan and India. Historically, India has struggled to assert itself within the subcontinent because of its complex internal divisions.

The future of Afghanistan matters to the degree it could weaken Pakistan, thereby tipping the balance of power in India’s favor.

There is an intense rivalry between China and India, but the geography of the region, including the existence of buffer states such as Nepal and Bhutan, typically prevents them from coming to blows.

Read Regional Assessment

Required Reads: South Asia

The Future of India...

India will work to improve ties with Central Asia and strengthen alliances with secondary powers like Japan and Australia.

South Asia in our Memos

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More from South Asia

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Latest Posts

Closing the Darien Gap

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(click to enlarge) Since 2010, the number and country of origin of migrants passing through the Darien Gap have changed dramatically. According to Panama’s national...

Live Discussion: July 2024 Charter Member Discussion

This video is restricted to Charter members only

Daily Memo: Houthi Presence in Iraq, Solomon Island Leader in Beijing

Iraqi connections. Yemen’s Houthi rebels reportedly opened an office in Baghdad. The group apparently indirectly announced the existence of its coordination and communications office,...

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