A great deal of military activity is taking place in Syria, which warrants a closer examination of the country’s battlespace. The regime of President Bashar al-Assad continues to be resilient. While under pressure, the Islamic State retains control of its critical territories. Meanwhile, the rebels are losing ground.
The war can be divided into four theaters: the Islamic State, the Battle of Aleppo, the rebel stronghold of Idlib and the southern front.
Much of the fighting is in the north because of, among other reasons, the border with Turkey, which provides sanctuary for the various opposition forces.
The south sees less activity because of its sparse population, the regime’s strong hold on the capital and surrounding areas, and the borders with Lebanon, Jordan and Israel – countries that do not want to see the regime toppled.
While the regime, the Islamic State and the Kurds are each unified entities, the rebels remain utterly divided.