Mexico’s New Foreign Policy: A Return to the Past

Mexico’s recently inaugurated president is reverting back to a noninterventionist foreign policy.

Allison Fedirka |January 16, 2019

After his inauguration on Jan. 10 to a second term as Venezuela’s president, Nicolas Maduro faced backlash from several world leaders who saw his re-election as fraudulent and his presidency as illegitimate. But one leader who refused to condemn Maduro is Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who was himself inaugurated only on Dec. 1. Other Latin American nations have criticized Lopez Obrador for refusing to label Maduro’s government as illegitimate. Many saw the move as a sign that, under Lopez Obrador, Mexico might adopt a more populist, left-oriented foreign policy. But this isn’t the case. Though it’s true that the new president’s foreign policy will be different than his predecessor’s, it actually mirrors an approach that Mexico followed for decades.

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The Estrada Doctrine

For 70 years, until Vicente Fox took office in 2000, Mexico’s foreign policy had been guided by the Estrada Doctrine. Named for Genaro Estrada, who served as the

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