Those familiar with our model for the Middle East are likely wondering why we have not included Egypt, the world’s largest Arab state, in our list of the four major regional powers. Despite being the biggest Arab military power, Egypt’s regional influence has consistently declined over the last 40 years and in the past five years Cairo has faced a great many challenges domestically. Egypt is financially dependent on Saudi Arabia and its allies in the Gulf Cooperation Council, while it increasingly relies on Israel for its security needs. Therefore, the Arab republic is likely to stagnate for the foreseeable future.
Egypt’s position of weakness is evident through its inability to influence ongoing Turkish-Israeli talks. The Haaretz newspaper reported on Jan. 8 that Egypt has asked the Jewish state to ensure that Turkey remains out of affairs relating to the Gaza Strip. According to the left-leaning Israeli daily, Cairo relayed its concerns to Jerusalem on the ongoing Israeli-Tu