Brief: Russia Edging Out France in Africa

Paris will not let Moscow's growing presence in Africa go unchecked.

Background: France is highly influential in its former colonies in West and Central Africa. It regularly participates in defense and security operations in these countries, most notably through Operation Barkhane, which has been ongoing in the Sahel since 2014. But there are signs that Russia may be challenging France for influence in Africa, particularly in […]

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Geopolitical Futures (GPF) was founded in 2015 by George Friedman, international strategist and author of The Storm Before the Calm and The Next 100 Years. GPF is non-ideological, analyzes the world and forecasts the future using geopolitics: political, economic, military and geographic dimensions at the foundation of a nation.