Indian Separatism

Sikh separatists want to create their own state.

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Momentum in the Sikh's Kalistan Movement
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A Sikh separatist movement in India recently renewed its calls to establish a sovereign state called Khalistan. A young activist named Amritpal Singh leads the movement, which has attracted the attention of Sikh diasporas. It has also become increasingly anti-government. It is critical of Hindu nationalism and backed farmers demonstrating against the government.

The Sikh movement illustrates the core challenge of India as a state. India’s population is extremely diverse, comprising many ethnic and religious identities. This makes governance difficult. Local political parties reflecting special interests have outsize power relative to national-level parties, which often need to partner with the local parties to win state elections. Local conflicts are also a drain on the central government’s time and resources.

Geopolitical Futures
Geopolitical Futures (GPF) was founded in 2015 by George Friedman, international strategist and author of The Storm Before the Calm and The Next 100 Years. GPF is non-ideological, analyzes the world and forecasts the future using geopolitics: political, economic, military and geographic dimensions at the foundation of a nation.