The Horn of Africa is once again emerging as a hot spot in the battle for power in the periphery. On April 3, Eritrea accused Turkey, Qatar and Sudan of colluding to undermine the 2018 peace agreement it signed with Ethiopia. Whether or not there’s any truth to the allegation, it’s clear Eritrea wants the world to know that it sees Turkey’s intervention in the region as a threat to its interests – which include, most importantly, maintaining a detente with Ethiopia. Beyond this latest development, there is a network of state interests that are driving countries to form into new blocs, creating alliance structures in the Horn that look very different than they did a few years ago.
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Eritrea and Ethiopia have a shared history, though in modern times they have been distinct entities. The United Nations federated Eritrea to Ethiopia in 1952, and Ethiopia annexed its neighbor a decade later. Eritrea fought a long war for its independence, which it f